Tigray Conflict | Why have Eritrea and Ethiopia joined forces?

Flip_flop_politics
Published on Apr 29, 2021
Although Ethiopia claims it now controls the northern province of Tigray, the conflict continues. Moreover, there are allegations that Eritrea is now assisting Ethiopian forces. This has led to accusations that Eritrean troops have committed atrocities, including a massacre in the historic city of Axum. For many outside observers, such cooperation might seem strange given that Eritrea and Ethiopia have a longstanding history of tensions and fought a bloody war in 1998-2000 that only officially came to an end with a peace agreement in 2018. But scratch beneath the surface and the reasons for Eritrea's involvement in crisis become clearer. So, why is Eritrea assisting Ethiopia in the Tigray War?

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The conflict in Tigray increasingly poses the threat of a major humanitarian catastrophe in the Horn of Africa. However, a desperate situation seems to be becoming all the worse with widespread claims that Eritrea has now sent in troops to assist Ethiopia and that they have been involved in war crimes, including a massacre in Axum. This has prompted demands for their withdrawal from both the European Union and the United States. However, the fact that Eritrea and Ethiopia are fighting alongside each other might seem strange given their past history. Eritrea fought a 30-year war of independence from Ethiopia and then Eritrea and Ethiopia fought a bitter border war from 1998-2000. But, as it shown, the issue goes back to the relationship between the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF) and the Eritrean People's Liberation Front (EPLF) during their joint effort to overthrow the military government in Ethiopia in the 1970s and 1980s.

CHAPTERS
0:00 Introduction and Titles
0:54 Claims of Eritrea's involvement in the Tigray Conflict
2:27 The origins of the Tigray War
6:41 Eritrea's Relationship with Ethiopia and Tigray
11:44 Why Eritrea is fighting alongside Ethiopia in Tigray

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FURTHER READING & USEFUL SOURCES

Amnesty International - The Massacre in Axum https://www.amnesty.org/en/documents/afr25/3730/2021/en/
Eritrea Ethiopia Boundary Commission https://pca-cpa.org/en/cases/99/
Understanding Eritrea: Inside Africa's Most Repressive State https://amzn.to/2MNcTzR
Ethiopia and Eritrea: Insights into the Peace Nexus https://amzn.to/3c2y21N

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KEYWORDS

#Ethiopia #Eritrea #Tigray
#InternationalPolitics #CurrentAffairs #InternationalRelations
#Secession #Statehood #Independence
#InternationalLaw #InternationalHistory

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